Basically, Egyptians used pictures instead of letters. Pictures could stand for what they looked like (so an eye might mean "eye") or a picture could stand for a sound (like an owl could stand for the /m/ sound). One site said that there were over 7000 glyphs. (A glyph is one picture.) We have only 26 letters. They had 7000 pictures!
So instead of trying to show you something seriously educational, here's this: